10am-7pm All Days
Veda5 Wellness, Near Baba Balak Nath temple, Tapovan, Rishikesh (Himalayas)
10am-7pm All Days
Veda5 Wellness, Near Baba Balak Nath temple, Tapovan, Rishikesh (Himalayas)
Basics of Ayurveda

Basics of Ayurveda

Ayurveda, the knowledge on Life, originated in India thousands of years ago. Ayurveda explains about the wholesome as well as unwholesome factors that affects life and strictly suggests to follow wholesome path.

Ayurveda is based on Pancha Mahabhoota Sidhanta (five elements concept), Tridosha Sidhanta (Three humors) and Loka – Purusha – Samanya Sidhanta (The theory of similarity of Universe and Human Beings or Creatures).

Pancha Mahabhootas (The five elements)

Prithvi (all solid forms)

Ap (all liquid forms)

Teja (all forms of heat/ fire)

Vayu (all air or gases which are moving in nature)

Akasha (space to occupy)

Pancha Mahabuta Sidhanta explains that everything in this Universe are made of Five above mentioned elements in different combination.

Three Dosha Concept (Three humor concept)

The concept of Dosha is also very important in Ayurveda. In Ayurveda three doshas are there; VATA, PITTA & KAPHA. The humor which generates movement or controls movement is called vata, that which makes transformations is called as pitta , the heat related humor, and all the solid and liquid elements in the body is called Kapha.

Human life is a copy of Universe

The idea of Human life is copy of Universe in Indian science and Ayurveda explains that what all this Universe has, a human being also posses it.

Consider the Pancha Mahabhoota Sidhanta here; both has solid entities, liquids, heat, air and space. Universe always interacts with human beings; when the interaction is normal we call it as Health and when it is abnormal we say Disease.


Ayurveda has two treatment methods:

Shodhana (expelling dosha from body through natural or man made openings) and

Samana (pacifying vitiated humor by means of medicines)

Shodana and Samana are equally important in Ayurveda. In Shodhana, vitiated humors are expelled forcefully and in Samana, without expelling out, vitiated humors are pacified using medicines.

Shodana are of Five types:

– Vamana (Emesis)

– Virechana( Purgation)

– Kashaya Vasthi (Decoction enema)

– Nasyam (Nasal drops)

– Rakta Moksham (Blood letting)

Above five treatment methods all together are called Pancha Vidha Shodana.

In Pancha Karma, instead of Rakta Moksha (blood letting) of Pancha Vidha Shodana, Sneha vasthi (Medicated oil enema) is added.

Below five treatment methods all together are called Pancha Karma:

– Vamana (Emesis)

– Virechana (Purgation)

– Kashaya Vasthi (Decoction enema)

– Sneha Vasthi (Medicated Oil enema)

– Nasyam (Nasal drops)

Pancha Vidha Shodana and Pancha Karma are done after Preparatory therapies (Poorva karma) called Snehana (Internal as well as external Oleation) and Svedana (Sudation).

The procedures like Abhyanaga (heated medicated oil massage on body), Kizhi (heated medicine bags application on body) and Sirodhara (Pouring of medicated oil in a proper pendulum motion over the forehead) and medicated steam bath (with oil applied on exposed surface of body) are some of the popular treatment procedures of Ayurveda.

Abhyanga , Kizhi, Shirodhara, Kativasthi, Januvasthi and medicated steam bath are the combination of Oleation and Sudation done at the same time. Udwartana and Dry Curna Pinda Sweda are examples of giving dry heat.

Oleation along with Vata humor pacifying action enhance nerve activity and Sirovasthi helps in mind boosting. Karnapporanam and Tarpanam are done for regaining proper functioning of ear and eyes respectively.

Panchakarma helps to the expel out the vitiated doshas completely and detoxifies body and mind. One must follow Ayurveda for a complete detoxification through various kinds of internal and external therapies. So, start following Ayurveda for a complete physical as well as mental wellness.